By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an leading edge background of archaeology throughout the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all components of the area. the improvement of archaeology is positioned in the framework of latest political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of concerns, together with the production of associations, the conversion of the learn of antiquities right into a career, public reminiscence, alterations in archaeological inspiration and perform, and the influence on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in growth, hegemony, and resistance.
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Extra info for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology)
One of them was Petrarch (1304–74), who argued that to understand the urban landscape of Rome, the reading of the ancient authors had to be helped by the study of the ruins and the ancient objects. Outside Rome, in Naples, Giovanni Boccaccio 34 Early Archaeology of Great Civilizations (1313–75) also encouraged a critical assessment of monuments (Schnapp 1993: 108). Other scholars such as the Florentine doctor Giovanni Dondi (born. c. ). The study of antiquity was further fostered by the formation of the Wrst academies created to encourage the discussion and exchange of scholarly ideas.
This interest in antiquities, in which the object was increasingly valued for its age and not for what it meant in antiquity, crystallized in the Wrst legislation 38 Early Archaeology of Great Civilizations promulgated regarding antiquities. In 1622 Christian IV of Denmark passed one of the Wrst edicts concerning the protection of antiquities. This was followed by the statute published in Sweden by King Gustavus Adolphus covering Swedish antiquities on 20 May 1630 (Schnapp 1993: 176) and later by an antiquities law passed in 1666 (Jensen 2004: 64).
This characteristic can be traced back to the Renaissance, and even much earlier (Bradley 1998: ch. 6; Jones 2003). The proposition advanced here is the means by which nationalism changed the role of history in politics. 1 Rather, by turning the study of the past to the service of the nation, and integrating it as one of the main elements of nationhood, the study of the past became included in administrative reform, the result being its social and institutional reorganization. Institutionalization brought a major shift with respect to previous periods.
A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology) by Margarita Diaz-Andreu