By Markus Adam
This e-book tackles the matter of the inadequate and dear charging infrastructure in Germany. It assesses the shortcoming of charging infrastructure for electrical autos in regards to regulatory and festival legislation, in addition to fiscal points. The criminal suggestions proposed the following may possibly eventually serve to supply e-motorists round the kingdom hugely effective and low in cost charging options.
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Extra info for Accelerating E-Mobility in Germany: A Case for Regulation
While the converter stations connect multiple wind farms to the transmission network,61 a charging station connects one or more electric vehicles to the grid. 62 As a result, the operation of publicly accessible charging stations must therefore be governed by the provisions of Directive 2009/72/EC. That interpretation is ultimately supported by recitals 30 and 31 of Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure: „(30) In the development of infrastructure for electric vehicles, the interaction of that infrastructure with the electricity system, as well as the electricity policy of the Union, should be consistent with the principles established under Directive 2009/72/EC.
CHAdeMO Association (2015). 79 Due to the limiting at 125 amps and at 400 volts, see Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (2015, p. 12). 80 FCJ, case no. EnVR 68/10, recitals 14–15. 78 40 2 Network Access Pursuant to § 20 EnWG According to Art. 2 no. 19 of Directive 2009/72/EC, the supply of customers means the sale of electricity, which also does not take place here. The Supercharger network is therefore no supply system within the meaning of § 20 EnWG. As the drivers of the Tesla Model S also do not purchase any electricity at the Supercharger, they are no ﬁnal customers, see § 3 no.
4 para. 8 to 11 of the AFI-Directive at ﬁrst glance allow for a different way of looking at the classiﬁcation of charging stations. In Art. 8 it stipulates that charging station operators generally may purchase energy from any energy provider and that the operator of the charging points may also provide services for recharging of electric vehicles to customers. e. the separation of network and distribution. In Art. e. a charging without entering into a contract—must be made possible. Again, this is not an argument against the classiﬁcation of the charging station as an energy supply system, but it offers customers a new, alternative supply 64 VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH (2012), LichtBlick (2012).
Accelerating E-Mobility in Germany: A Case for Regulation by Markus Adam