S. Y. Lee's Accelerator physics PDF

By S. Y. Lee

ISBN-10: 9812567739

ISBN-13: 9789812567734

Learn and improvement of excessive strength accelerators started in 1911.
(1) improvement of excessive gradient dc and rf accelerators,
(2) fulfillment of excessive box magnets with very good box quality,
(3) discovery of transverse and longitudinal beam focusing principles,
(4) invention of excessive energy rf sources,
(5) development of ultra-high vacuum technology,
(6) attainment of excessive brightness (polarized/unpolarized) electron/ionsources,
(7) development of beam dynamics and beam manipulation schemes, equivalent to beam injection, accumulation, gradual and quick extraction, beam damping and beam cooling, instability suggestions, laser-beam interplay and harvesting instability for prime brilliance coherent photon source.

The affects of the accelerator improvement are evidenced by means of the numerous ground-breaking discoveries in particle and nuclear physics, atomic and molecular physics, condensed subject physics, biology, biomedical physics, nuclear drugs, scientific treatment, and business processing. This e-book is meant for use as a graduate or senior undergraduate textbook in accelerator physics and technological know-how. it may be used as preparatory direction fabric in graduate accelerator physics thesis learn. The textual content covers old accelerator improvement, transverse betatron movement, synchrotron movement, an advent to linear accelerators, and synchrotron radiation phenomena in low emittance electron garage earrings, creation to important issues resembling the unfastened electron laser and the beam-beam interplay. realization is paid to derivation of the action-angle variables of the section house, as the transformation is necessary for figuring out complicated subject matters equivalent to the collective instability and nonlinear beam dynamics. each one part is by means of routines, that are designed to augment innovations and to unravel reasonable accelerator layout difficulties.

Readership: Accelerator, high-energy, nuclear, plasma and utilized physicists.

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3), we obtain the kinetic energy per amu as A-(7+l)muUJ =K {A) ' (L12) where BoRo = Bp is the magnetic rigidity, Z and A are the charge and atomic mass numbers of the particle, mu is the atomic mass unit, and K is called the K-value or bending limit of a cyclotron. g. K200 cyclotron can deliver protons with 200 MeV kinetic energy. S. Livingston, J. Appl. B. E. Rose, Phys. R. Wilson, Phys. , 53, 408 (1938); Am. J. L. Cohen, Rev. Sci. , 25, 562 (1954). I. HISTORICAL 13 DEVELOPMENTS F j ;I I • • i \ \ \ '.

The total power dissipation is P = [NI)2R, where R = pi/A is the resistance, A as the cross-sectional area of the conductor, and p is the resistivity of the coil. 12. Following Maxwell's equation, V x B = 0 in the current-free region, and the magnetic field can be derived from a magnetic potential, <&m, with B = —V$ m . For a quadrupole field with Bz = Kx, Bx = Kz, show that the magnetic potential is <&m = —Kxz. The equipotential curve is xz = constant. Thus the pole shapes of quadrupoles are hyperbolic curves with xz = o 2 /2.

LZ vl at1 vl at1 jmv (123) jmv Thus a focusing quadrupole in the horizontal plane is also a defocussing quadrupole in the vertical plane and vice versa. Defining the focusing index as „ =* ; * * « « • , 77m; (1 . z n in a quadrupole, where s — vt is the longitudinal distance along the s direction. 3 Other Important Components Other important components in accelerators are ion sources;41 monitors for beam position, beam current and beam loss; beam dump; emittance meters; vacuum ports 4 1 B. , Handbook of Ion Sources (CRC Press, New York, 1995); R.

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