Download PDF by Andrew D. Evans: Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in

By Andrew D. Evans

ISBN-10: 0226222691

ISBN-13: 9780226222691

Among 1914 and 1918, German anthropologists performed their paintings in the course of full-scale battle. The self-discipline was once rather new in German academia whilst international conflict I broke out, and, as Andrew D. Evans finds during this illuminating ebook, its improvement used to be profoundly altered via the clash. because the battle formed the institutional, ideological, and actual surroundings for anthropological paintings, the self-discipline grew to become its again on its liberal roots and have become a nationalist undertaking essentially desirous about medical reports of race.

Combining highbrow and cultural background with the historical past of technology, Anthropology at struggle examines either the origins and results of this shift. Evans locates its roots within the selection to permit scientists entry to prisoner-of-war camps, which brought on them to concentration their study on racial reports of the captives. stuck up in wartime nationalism, a brand new iteration of anthropologists started to painting the country’s political enemies as racially assorted. After the struggle ended, the significance put on racial conceptions and different types continued, paving the best way for the politicization of medical inquiry within the years of the ascendancy of nationwide Socialism.

Reviews:

"Evans not just bargains an evidence for the major transition within the background of German anthropology, he additionally provides the main accomplished background of the self-discipline on hand so far. Even past this extraordinary scholarly paintings, Evans has made a true conceptual contribution to the background of technological know-how, correcting the dominant view of the relation among technological know-how and politics." - Matti Bunzl, college of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign"

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By comparison, Bastian and several other ethnologists occupied the spot a mere seven times. Including Virchow, Waldeyer, and Abraham Lissauer, physical anthropologists occupied the position of society president from 1889 straight through to 1907 without a single ethnologist taking the spot. At the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, ethnologists began to occupy the presidency with more frequency: from 1908 to 1918 they took the job eight times while a physical anthropologist, Virchow’s son Hans, held the post only three years.

German science was entering a new era of unprecedented development in the first decade of the twentieth century, a period characterized by increasing levels of state support and heightened prestige for scientists. Spurred by its domination of the “second industrial revolution,” Germany was fast becoming the most important industrial nation in the world, demonstrating a marked superiority in new sectors such as chemistry and electricity. Advances and innovations in the German natural sciences—from physics to pathology—fueled this new dominance.

3 In the life of the Bavarian bureaucracy, this exchange was wholly unremarkable, except perhaps for Birkner’s tone. For the anthropologist, the presentation of the volume was an opening to affirm the worth of his discipline. In what would normally have been a trivial and unimportant message, Birkner felt it necessary to defend anthropology’s right to take its place alongside the traditional disciplines in the natural sciences, such as physics, biology, and medicine. These were the fields that received a great deal of public attention and state support, and he sought to include anthropology among their ranks.

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Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany by Andrew D. Evans


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